Dr. V. Srinivasa Rao, Associate Professor and Head, Center for Regional Studies (CRS), School of Social Sciences, University of Hyderabad, published his 5th book titled Tribal Livelihood and Governance: Regional Concerns with Rawat Publications.

This is an edited volume with 17 chapters under two different thematic heads. This is the 2nd book of 4 books as an outcome of the national seminar on “Tribal Policies and Programmes in India: Regional Reflections in the Context of Globalisation” with the financial assistance from TCR&TM, Tribal Welfare Department, Govt. of Andhra Pradesh and Govt. of India. The book will be released by the Government of Andhra Pradesh on 9 August 2020 during International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples. The other two books as an outcome of the seminar are in the process of publication.

Dr. V. Srinivasa Rao


About the Editor

Srinivasa Rao is Associate Professor and Head, Center for Regional Studies (CRS), School of Social Sciences, University of Hyderabad. He previously worked in the Center for the Study of Social Exclusion and Inclusive Policy (CSSEIP) in University of Hyderabad (2009–2017) and Maulana Azad National Urdu University (2007–2009). Before he joined the teaching and research field in the university system, he worked in CARE-India (2002–2007) on the issues such as education, health, food security, and livelihood in the tribal areas of Northern Andhra Pradesh in a project called ‘Sustainable Tribal Empowerment Project’ funded by the European Union (EU). He edited the book entitled Adivasi Rights and Exclusion in India (2019), published by Routledge, London. Recently, his edited volume with title Disadvantaged Tribes of India: Regional Concerns (2020) has been published by Rawat. Challenges of Tribal Development: Contemporary Social Concern (2021) and Integration of Tribes in India: Northeast and Beyond (2021) are his forthcoming edited volumes with Rawat publications. He also authored two books out of which one is published by the Indian Council of Social Science Research (ICSSR), New Delhi. He has published his research findings in peer-reviewed journals, such as Economic and Political Weekly, Journal of Educational Planning and Administration, Indian Journal of Public Administration, Asian Journal of Development Matters.

About the Book

The tribes in India have experienced several legislative policies and amendments on two important issues – livelihood and governance. These two issues are important for the sustenance of a community. The first one, livelihood, addresses food security, and the second one, governance, addresses the administration of their village/habitat affairs, including food security. The traditional tribal governance system plays an important role in order to sustain their livelihood sources. Hence, these two issues, livelihood and governance, are interdependent and one influences the other with reference to the tribal life system.

The livelihood sources of tribals in India differ from one region to another, and from one tribe to another. The tribal regions are diverse in terms of having natural resources such as forest, water, and land. The traditional livelihood sources of tribes have become meagre due to several reasons, especially after the 1990s. The tribes, who used to depend on forest and forest-based minor products and related natural resources for their daily sustenance, have been migrating in search of alternative livelihood sources. In some cases, the tribes depend on government welfare schemes for their sustenance.

The present volume provides critical insights to understand different tribal livelihood patterns and the implementation of Fifth and Sixth Schedules including Panchayats Extension to Scheduled Areas (PESA) Act in tribal regions. It offers a fairly comprehensive account of a wide range of insights on various issues, strategies, programmes of tribal livelihood practices and issues around it.

The book will interest all those in the field of tribal studies, anthropology, sociology and development studies as also to NGOs, policy makers and funding agencies.




Smt. Pamula Pushpa Srivani, Deputy Chief Minister (TW), Government of Andhra Pradesh


  1. Srinivasa Rao


Part I

Land, Livelihood and Forest: Regional Deliberations

  1.  Biodiversity Conservation and Livelihood Promotion for Tribes: A Community-based NRM in Arunachal Pradesh

Prasanna K. Samal, Mihin Dollo, Mahendra S. Lodhi and L. Jitendro Singh

  1. Tribal Livelihood in the State Tripura : Issues, Challenges and Policy Direction

Jayanta Choudhury

  1. Artefacts of Jhareka Tribal Artisans: Product, Procedure, Policies & Protection

Aditi Patel and Joly Puthussery

  1. Implementation of the Forest Rights Act in Similipal Tiger Reserve Area

Uttam Kumar Sahoo and Bikash Kumar Sahoo

  1. Natural Resources, Tribal Livelihood and Development Interventions: An Empirical Study

Nilakantha Panigrahi

  1. Tribal Women and Land Rights: Case Studies from Andhra Pradesh

M. Pushpavalli

  1. Tribal Unrest and Land Agitations: A Study of Fifty Years of Land Reforms Experiences in Kerala

Rony K. Baby

  1. Livelihood Vulnerabilities in Times of Uncertain Resource Access: A Case of Hali System among Sahariyas in Rajasthan

Bhavya Jain

  1. Threat to the Tribal Livelihood due to Forced Displacement: Political Economy Context

Boya Sree Manasa and V. Srinivasa Rao

  1. Investigating Systemic Marginalisation of Skill, Culture and Livelihood: An Ethnographic Study of Chenchus from Telangana

Rocharla Rohith and Ridhima Tewari


Part II

PESA and Governance: How are they Constitutional?

  1. Tribes ‘Self Autonomy’ in Perspective: Contemporary Issues of Sixth Schedule in Northeast India

Vulli Dhanaraju and B. K Bijeta 

  1. Exploring the Viability of Sixth Schedule in Manipur: An Analysis of the Constitutional Scheme of Schedule Areas

Mercy K. Khaute

  1. Critiquing Panchayats Extension to the Scheduled Areas (PESA) Act 1996: With Special Reference to the State of Jharkhand

Jaya Kumari  

  1. Local Governance in Fifth Scheduled Areas: A Study of the Implementation of PESA in Bijapur District of Chhattisgarh

Rahul Chimurkar

  1. A Masked ‘Tribal Development’ in Scheduled Areas: An Overview of PESA Act in Odisha

Roshni Kujur

  1. The Question of Political Autonomy: State and Tribes in North-East India

Joseph Riamei

  1. Administration in Tribal Areas of Manipur: An Analysis

Ngaopunii Trichao Thomas