The School of Economics, University of Hyderabad (UoH), successfully organized a special public lecture by Professor Partha Sarathi Chatterjee from Shiv Nadar University, Delhi-NCR on August 25, 2022 at Room CR2, School of Economics. This seminar was coordinated by Professor Phanindra Goyari, Faculty member in the School of Economics.
Prof. Chatterjee spoke on the topic ‘Evolution of the Distribution of Plant Level Productivity’ in the context of Indian manufacturing units over a long period of time using the annual survey of industries data. In his lecture, Prof. Cahterjee said that there are several papers that look at how the mean or the standard deviation of productivity has changed over time, but in his work, he has examined how the whole distribution has changed over time. He presented that much of the change happens at the middle of the distribution as per the available data. He also found that that a significantly large number of entries and exits of plants happen at the middle of the distribution.
Moreover, he found no significant difference in productivity of plants that enter or exit or continue operations. This is contrary to standard theory which suggests that plants with productivity below some threshold should exit, while entering plants are expected to have productivity above a threshold. Using the dynamic Olley-Pakes decomposition, Prof. Chatterjee discussed that the contributions to the change in aggregate productivity from entry, exit and surviving plants are indistinguishable. He asked the audience – what explains these observations? One possibility is the skill distribution of labor force. He found that the share of high skilled workers (at least college degree and more) is low compared to those who have some schooling, but not college education. This could lead to more imitation than innovation, which in turn can explain the observations mentioned above.
Prof. Chatterjee explained the building of a dynamic model of entry, exit, imitation, innovation and obsolescence to demonstrate this. He presented that education level data from NSSO reflects that high skilled labor, required for innovation, is much lower compared to lower skilled labor. These results in lower innovation compared to imitation. Thus, shortage of skilled workforce can lead to misallocations of resources.
About the speaker:
Prof. Partha Sarathi Chatterjee is currently a Professor of Economics and Head of the Department of Economics at Shiv Nadar University, Delhi-NCR. He holds a PhD degree in Economics from the University of Minnesota, USA and MPhil degree in Economics from IGIDR Mumbai. Previously, Prof Chatterjee was a faculty member at NUS Business School, National University of Singapore; and Faculty of Management Studies, University of Delhi. Prof Chatterjee’s research and teaching interests are broadly in macroeconomics, international economics, and issues related to emerging economies. He also has a keen interest in issues related to higher education, particularly in India. He has published many research papers in top refereed journals and regularly contributes opinion pieces to popular media. As the first Head of the Department of Economics at Shiv Nadar University, he has built up a stellar Department. He has established the BSc (Research) and MSc in Economics, as one of the best programmes in the country. He has recently launched a multidisciplinary program, BSc (Research) in Economics and Finance. Also, as the first Dean for International Partnerships at the university, he has created the office of international partnerships and shaped the strategy for global engagement for the university.
Pooja Goel with photo credits of Dr. Subhash Chandra